Table of Contents

See also the “Milling” and “Small and micro milling” chapters


1. Overview

Bread is the second most important supplier of energy (kilojoules) in the national diet after maize products. Apart from bread, bakers also produce other products like biscuits, pies and pizzas.


2. Local business environment

The latest President’s address on the South African Chamber of Baking website,, gives an overview of the previous year and expectations going forward. Perusing the 2016 address, we see that 2016 was a tough year owing to a weakening rand and the drought. The implications of a possible economic downgrade to the economy (which indeed happened in 2017!) are spelt out. 

“Bread perspective: South Africa’s total bread production saw a notable growth in 2016, starting the year with 171 million loaves in January 2016 and closing with 182 million loaves in December 2016. The significant improvement was on brown bread production, which was 82 million loaves in January (4% below white bread production) and ended the year at 90 million loaves (1% above white bread production). In fact, from October to December 2016, brown bread production was consistently higher than white bread.” Agbiz Newsletter 21 February 2017.


3. National strategy and government contact

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF)

  • Find the link to the Marketing of Agricultural Products Act, 1996 (Act no. 47 of 1996) , R 884 , Establishment of Statutory Measure in respect of Maize Products and Wheaten Products at and/or  
  • Find the regulations relating to the grading, packing and marking of bread wheat intended for sale in the Republic of South Africa (under the Agricultural Products Standards Act, 1990 (Act No. 119 of 1990) here
  • The document “Guidelines on key requirements for governments markets - bread, eggs and dairy products” can be found on the Directorate Marketing’s web pages on or click here.

Department of Health

  • White and brown bread should be fortified in accordance with the Regulation relating to the fortification of certain foodstuffs, R.7634 of 7 April 2003, under the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics & Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act No. 54 of 1972. Find it here

Department of Trade & Industry (the dti)

National Regulator for Compulsory Specification (NRCS) Tel: 0800 21 47 19 

  • The NRCS is mandated to regulate products on behalf of government such as vehicle components and others in the interest of public safety and to ensure fair trade. It also regulates all types of perishable goods. This includes the Trade Metrology Act of 1973.