Table of Contents

See also the “Milling” and “Small and micro milling” chapters


1. Overview

Bread is the second most important supplier of energy (kilojoules) in the national diet after maize products. Apart from bread, bakers also produce other products like biscuits, pies and pizzas.


2. Local business environment

The latest President’s address on the South African Chamber of Baking website,, gives an overview of the previous year and expectations going forward. 

  • In June 2018, South Africa produced 186 million loaves of bread, down by a percentage point from the previous month.
  • Our bread basket is comprised mainly of brown, white, and whole wheat bread. But, brown and white bread are the most dominant, with a combined share of 99 percent of all commercial pan baked bread produced in the country. Brown bread commands 50 percent of South Africa’s bread production. White bread makes up 49 percent and the rest is whole wheat and other types of bread.
  • As a result of the decline in production, coupled with growing domestic consumption, wheat imports have increased significantly. In the 2017/18 marketing year, which ends this month, South Africa’s wheat imports are estimated at 1.9 million tonnes, up from 681 559 in the 1994/95 season.


3. National strategy and government contact

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF)

  • Find the link to the Marketing of Agricultural Products Act, 1996 (Act no. 47 of 1996) , R 884 , Establishment of Statutory Measure in respect of Maize Products and Wheaten Products at and/or  
  • Find the regulations relating to the grading, packing and marking of bread wheat intended for sale in the Republic of South Africa (under the Agricultural Products Standards Act, 1990 (Act No. 119 of 1990) here
  • The document “Guidelines on key requirements for governments markets - bread, eggs and dairy products” can be found on the Directorate Marketing’s web pages on or click here.

Department of Health

  • White and brown bread should be fortified in accordance with the Regulation relating to the fortification of certain foodstuffs, R.7634 of 7 April 2003, under the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics & Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act No. 54 of 1972. Find it here

Department of Trade & Industry (the dti)

National Regulator for Compulsory Specification (NRCS) Tel: 0800 21 47 19 

  • The NRCS is mandated to regulate products on behalf of government such as vehicle components and others in the interest of public safety and to ensure fair trade. It also regulates all types of perishable goods. This includes the Trade Metrology Act of 1973.