Table of Contents

Refer also to the "Crop protection", "Fertilisers", "Animal feeds" and "Animal health" chapters.


1. Overview

Agrochemicals are an intervention that assists farmers grow their product – be it fruit, grain, vegetable or livestock – and for use in the various forms of processing and post-harvest treatments.

Choosing the right chemicals can be bewildering, and a wrong choice can lead to marketing and financial problems. The misuse of agrochemicals too introduces a negative note. Many of them are toxic with potential hazards for the environment and wildlife, and humans. For this reason, trade in chemicals is well regulated and great emphasis is placed on the correct handling and storage of chemicals. Agrochemicals help ensure food security.

Major initiatives by CropLife SA (under the umbrella association AVCASA)

In addition to the training courses mentioned in the “Crop protection” chapters, the following is undertaken:

  • Retrieval and disposal of obsolete stock. AVCASA runs a waste management programme in line with the National Waste Management Act which is aimed at retrieving and disposing of obsolete stocks in South Africa.
  • Pesticide Container Management. AVCASA works on various environmentally sound container management strategies for adoption and implementation by industry in line with the above.
  • Aerial Application. CropLife SA, in alliance with the SA Aerial Applicators Association, has modern calibration equipment from the USA which ensures a more efficient aerial application of products.
  • South African Pollinator Forum. (see “Crop protection” chapter).


Poison Information Centres

For advice on cases of poisoning:

  1. Tygerberg Poison Information Centre (Human Poisoning), 021 931 6129
  2. Red Cross Children’s Hospital Poison Line, 021 689 5227
  3. Public Emergency Communication Centre, 021 480 7700
  4. Griffon Poison Information Centre (Wildlife Poison), 082 446 8946
  5. Nashua Pesticides Helpline 082 325 6223 Tim Snow

2. African business environment

Top trends shaping the future of the African chemicals industry include:

  • An uptake in digitisation by chemical companies in Africa due to major business hubs such as South Africa, Nigeria, and Kenya;
  • Increased local manufacturing, intra-Africa trade, and diversification in business models, portoflios and economics;
  • Additive manufacturing disrupting the industry with significant growth potential over the next three to five years;
  • Increased use of precision agriculture (smart farming) as concerns over food production heighten;
  • Rise of startups drives productivity in agriculture due to the use and benefits of IoT.

Frost & Sullivan’s research, Africa Chemicals Outlook 2017: Adoption of Mobile Technologies to Drive Innovation in the African Chemicals Industry, outlines the key trends, specifically in sub-Saharan Africa, that will impact the African chemicals market over the next few years. Find the Frost & Sullivan report at