Local business environment
The latest President’s address on the South African Chamber of Baking website, www.sacb.co.za, gives an overview of the previous year and expectations going forward.
- South Africa produces around 190 million loaves of bread per month (195 million loaves of bread in November 2018, up by 7% year-on-year). This figure excludes non-commercial baking.
- Our bread basket is comprised mainly of brown, white, and whole wheat bread. But, brown and white bread are the most dominant, with a combined share of 99 percent of all commercial pan baked bread produced in the country. Brown bread commands 50 percent of South Africa’s bread production. White bread makes up 49 percent and the rest is whole wheat and other types of bread.
- As a result of the decline in production, coupled with growing domestic consumption, wheat imports have increased significantly.
SA exported 1 331 tonnes of rusks in 2018, up 12% year on year. Namibia (38%), Botswana (14%), UK (12%), Australia (12%), Lesotho (4%) (ITC 2019).
National strategy and government contact
Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD) www.daff.gov.za
- Find the link to the Marketing of Agricultural Products Act, 1996 (Act no. 47 of 1996) , R 884 , Establishment of Statutory Measure in respect of Maize Products and Wheaten Products at www.sacb.co.za and/or www.sagis.org.za.
- Find the regulations relating to the grading, packing and marking of bread wheat intended for sale in the Republic of South Africa (under the Agricultural Products Standards Act, 1990 (Act No. 119 of 1990) here.
- The document “Guidelines on key requirements for governments markets – bread, eggs and dairy products” can be found on the Directorate Marketing’s web pages on www.daff.gov.za or click here.
Department of Health www.health.gov.za
- White and brown bread should be fortified in accordance with the Regulation relating to the fortification of certain foodstuffs, R.7634 of 7 April 2003, under the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics & Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act No. 54 of 1972. Find it here.
Department of Trade, Industry and Competition (the dtic) www.thedti.gov.za
- The Trade Metrology Act of 1973 – Requirements for Bread.
National Regulator for Compulsory Specification (NRCS) Tel: 0800 21 47 19 www.nrcs.org.za
- The NRCS is mandated to regulate products on behalf of government such as vehicle components and others in the interest of public safety and to ensure fair trade. It also regulates all types of perishable goods. This includes the Trade Metrology Act of 1973.
South African Chamber of Baking Tel: 012 663 1600 www.sacb.co.za
Also of relevance:
- Agbiz Grain www.agbizgrain.co.za
- Cereal Science and Technology – SA (CST – SA) www.cerealsa.co.za
- National Chamber of Milling (NCM) www.grainmilling.org.za
- South African Grain Laboratory (SAGL) www.sagl.co.za
- South African Grain Information Service (SAGIS) www.sagis.org.za
- Winter Cereals Trust www.wintercerealtrust.co.za
Training and research
- Agricultural Colleges like Tsolo Agriculture and Rural Development Institute (TARDI), linked to the provincial departments of Agriculture, do short courses in baking. Find the contact details on the “Agricultural education and training” page.
- Bakery and Food Technology Incubator of South Africa Tel: 012 346 6020
- DGRV Bakery Training Centre Tel: 012 346 6020 / 083 629 8326 www.dgrv.co.za The DGRV, the national apex organisation and top-level auditing federation of the German co-operative sector, runs a model-bakery where a qualified master baker offers basic and advanced training in baking and confectionary.
- FoodBev Tel: 011 253 7300 www.foodbev.co.za FoodBev is the Sector Education and Training Authority (SETA) responsible for facilitating education and training in the food and beverages manufacturing sector. Of relevance to this chapter is FoodBev’s Baking, Cereals, Confectionary and Snacks Chamber.
- Rich Products Corporation Tel: 011 429 4000 www.richs.com A centre which combines a state-of-the-art research and development centre and a bakery training school was opened in 2009.
- Read about the SACB’s Certificate in the Theory of Breadmaking and Certificate in the Basics of Breadmaking at www.sacb.co.za.
- Southern African Grain Laboratory (SAGL) Tel: 012 807 4019 www.sagl.co.za SAGL is a quality analyses laboratory and has ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation. It offers a variety of quality analyses on grains and oilseeds. The SAGL provide courses in laboratory training for both wheat (flour) and maize (meal) analyses.
- Find instructional baking videos on www.supremeflour.co.za. Supreme Flour has its own in-house Baking Academy
- University of the Free State Department of Microbial, Biochemical & Food Biotechnology Prof G Osthoff Tel: 051 401 2216 Osthoffg [at] ufs.ac.za
Websites and publications
Visit the websites listed earlier in this chapter.
- Find the annual Wheat Market Value Chain Profile on the Directorate Marketing’s web pages at www.daff.gov.za.
- For wheat related research documents and projects, contact the Winter Cereal Trust. Call 012 663 1600 or visit www.wintercerealtrust.co.za.
- Bathie, G. 2000. Baking for Profit: Starting a small bakery. Abe Books. Available at http://developmentbookshop.com/food-processing-and-packaging
- Find the article “Bread trade goes stale” (June 2017) at www.bizcommunity.com/Article/196/307/162907.html.
- Moodley, S. 2015, August 11. Baker third scarcest job in South Africa. Engineering News. Available at http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/baker-third-scarcest-job-in-s-africa-2015-08-11
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