• Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development plant breeding of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.
  • Floriculture crops include bedding plants, flowering plants, foliage plants or houseplants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers. As distinguished from nursery crops, floriculture crops are generally herbaceous. Bedding and garden plants consist of young flowering plants (annuals and perennials) and vegetable plants. They are grown in cell packs (in flats or trays), in pots, or in hanging baskets, usually inside a controlled environment, and sold largely for gardens and landscaping.
  • Flowering plants are largely sold in pots for indoor use. Foliage plants are also sold in pots and hanging baskets for indoor and patio use, including larger specimens for office, hotel, and restaurant interiors.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floriculture 


Nursery. Photo used courtesy of Helen Gordon, WWF-SA.

Local business environment

Find information about trade, events, government notices and more on the South African Nursery Association (SANA) website, www.sana.co.za.

Role players



South African Nursery Association (SANA) www.sana.co.za SANA represents the nursery industry as a whole, and also represents individual associations such as

  • Allied, Bulb & Seed Trade Association
  • Bedding Plant Growers Association
  • Garden Centre Association (GCA)
  • Growers Association

Botanical Society of South Africa Tel: 021 797 2090 www.botanicalsociety.org.za The Botanical Society Head Office is situated at Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens. It has sixteen branches – find details on the website.


Other associations

Find details of the South African Flower Export Council (SAFEC), Cape Flora SA and the Intensive Growers Association (IGA) on the “Cut flowers” page.


Training and research

See also the “Cut flowers” page.

  • The ARC-VOP does research and training in ornamental plants. See www.arc.agric.za.
  • Find AgriSETA-accredited providers like BC Landscape Training and Consultancy at www.agriseta.co.za.
  • Cape Peninsular University of Technology (CPUT) Department Landscape Technology Tel: 021 959 6480 / 5879 www.cput.ac.za
  • Durban University of Technology (DUT) Department of Horticulture and Landscape Technology Tel: 031 373 5124 www.dut.ac.za
  • Read about several South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA)-accredited qualifications to do with floriculture and ornamental plants: (i) Care for ornamental seedlings; (ii) Identify the major categories of ornamental plants; (iii) Apply fertilizers to ornamental plants and landscapes; (iv) Identify and prepare soils for landscaped planting. Find the links on the AgriSETA website.
  • Stellenbosch University Department of Horticultural Science Tel: 021 808 2112 www.sun.ac.za/horticulture
  • Tshwane University of Technology Dept of Horticulture Tel: 012 382 5300 www.tut.ac.za
  • University of the Free State Department of Genetics Prof J Spies – 051 401 2261 Mr Maleka – 051 401 3976 www.ufs.ac.za
  • University of Johannesburg Department of Botany and Plant Biotechnology ​botany [at] uj.​ac.za, www.uj.ac.za
  • UNISA (Florida Campus) College of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences Tel: 011 670 9351, 011 471 2184 CAESenquiries [at] unisa.ac.za, www.unisa.ac.za Diplomas and BTech in ornamental horticulture
  • University of Pretoria Department of Plant Production and Soil Science Tel: 012 420 3809 / 223 www.up.ac.za

Find information on SANA workshops and in-service training for students at www.sana.co.za.


Some nurseries and garden centres

  1. Cape Garden Centre www.capegardencentre.co.za
  2. Colourful Nursery Group www.colourfulgroup.co.za
  3. Cycads for Africa http://cycadsforafrica.com
  4. Cyckos www.cyckos.co.za
  5. Eden Garden Centre Tel: 018 468 8777 http://edengardencentre.co.za
  6. Floradale Nurseries www.floradale.co.za
  7. Garden Pavilion www.gardenpavilion.co.za
  8. GardenShop www.gardenshop.co.za
  9. Garden World www.gardenworld.co.za
  10. Grow Wild www.growwild.co.za
  11. Illovo Nursery www.illovonursery.co.za
  12. Lifestyle Home Garden www.lifestyle.co.za
  13. Malanseuns Pleasure Plants www.malanseuns.co.za
  14. Malmesbury Groothandel Kwekery http://kwekerysa.co.za
  15. Mikibu Bonsai Nursery www.bonsaisa.co.za
  16. New Plant Nursery www.newplant.co.za
  17. Plantae Orchids www.plantae.co.za
  18. Plantforum www.plantforum.co.za
  19. Plantland www.plantland.co.za
  20. Random Harvest Nursery www.randomharvest.co.za
  21. Sherwood Garden Centre www.sgcpe.com
  22. Sheilam Cactus and Succulent Nursery www.sheilamnursery.com
  23. Super Plants Hermanus http://superplantssa.com
  24. Top Crop Nursery www.superlawn.co.za
  25. Tulip Garden Centre www.tulipgardencentre.co.za
  26. Twinstreams Indigenous Nursery www.twinstreams.co.za

Also find the list of garden centres at www.sana.co.za, www.lifeisagarden.co.za and www.horti.co.za.


Other role players

Find other seed companies at www.sansor.org and in the “Seeds and seedlings” article.


Websites and publications

See the websites listed earlier on this page.


Some articles:



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