This page looks at poultry like gamebirds, waterfowl, pheasants, turkeys and quail – birds not covered in our “Poultry” and  “Birds and farming” articles. This whether they are hosted or actively farmed.

Not only have gamebirds played a major role in human survival throughout ancient history, but all domestic turkeys and chickens also originate from them. South Africa offers a wide variety of game birds, some 14 huntable species of duck, two of geese, 10 partridge (francolin) species, guinea fowl and quail.


Gamebirds often reach far higher densities on farms, particularly grain and mixed farms, than in natural habitats or game farms. Farmers often regard gamebirds as a pest, yet they constitute an additional source of income. Farmers can be helped to develop hospitality services and to market shoots, so adding considerable value to their gamebirds. The infrastructure required to establish gamebird utilisation will readily support other forms of eco-tourism and recreational land use, such as hiking, birding, mountain-biking or to simply escape from cities.


Source: Abré J Steyn and Aldo Berruti (adapted)

Business environment

Role players


Associations and trusts

  • South African Field Trial Club Hunting with a difference …
  • Show Poultry Southern Africa (SPSA)
  • South African Show Poultry Organisation (SASPO) Contact details for affiliated clubs are on the website: Bloemfontein Pluimveeklub, East London Poultry Society (Club), Eastern Cape Poultry Club, Mpumalanga Poultry Club, Namibia Poultry Club, Natal And Coast Poultry Club and Orpington Club Of SA
  • South African Wingshooters Association The SA Wingshooters Association is involved in sustainable harvesting and management of wild fowl populations as well as maintaining sound ecosystems, provide advice as well as assistance to farmers. It has a Helpline to assist members, for a nominal fee, with the relicensing of firearms and the new licensing of firearms.


Other role players

  • Alfarming Poultry and Livestock Tel: 067 181 0969 waterfowl
  • Bester Birds and Animals Zoo Park Waterfowl, guinea fowl, pheasants and quail are some of the breeds available from the birdshop.
  • Blue Orange Farm Tel: 076 908 5468 Pekin duck farm in KZN
  • Dargle Ducks Tel: 033 234 4227 dean.dechazal [at] An open range duck farm. Find the Dargle Ducks story at and in Robyn Joubert’s article for Farmer’s Weekly (see next heading).
  • De Denne Duck farm Tel: 082 788 4768 Organic, free range ducks
  • Ducko Processing Tel: 014 537 2124 Duck farming: meat and products like duvets and pillow.
  • Ember Down Tel: 082 408 6770 Goose farm, goose down and other feather products
  • Gamebird Management Tel: 084 202 0184 slangvil [at] Services include advice on habitat and resource improvement for gamebirds.
  • Green Goose Organic Farm Tel: 051 933 5754 / 082 925 2770 A producer in the Eastern Free State
  • Groenewald, Gawie Cell: 082 852 1678 Waterfowl breeder
  • Haygrove Tel: 021 859 1026 Products include specialist tunnels for turkeys and geese
  • Hyphive Productions Farms @Hyphiveproduct2
  • John X Safaris Bird hunting safaris
  • Kent Farming Day-old Pekin ducklings and fertile eggs supplied to growers
  • Makoti Down Products Tel: 041 992 2395 Luxury down products
  • Noorspoort Guest Lodge and Game Farm Tel: 082 578 5503 A geese farming training course is run
  • Pleysier Incubators Tel: 011 659 8041/2 Incubators (setters, hatchers and brooders) for successful breeding of avian species including pheasants and waterfowl.
  • Quaint Quail Tel: 073 050 9702
  • Rugare Bird Farm Tel: 079 893 6383 / 084 382 3466 Waterfowl and rare chicken breeds bred
  • Swanz Specialise in the breeding of ducks, geese and swans
  • The Duck Farm Tel: 021 988 4050 Avian influenza has temporarily shut down operations. Find the Eye Witness News report here.
  • The Duck Lady™ Tel: 031 769 1235 “Free range ducks & duck products from the heartland of KwaZulu-Natal”. Find the article by Lloyd Phillips under the next heading.
  • Theuniskraal Winery Tel: 023 230 0689 Some 200 free range ducks are an environmentally-friendly way to keep the snail population in the vineyards in check.
  • Timkulu Safaris Bird shooting: waterfowl (duck, geese), guinea fowl, francolin, pigeon, dove, sandgrouse, partridge
  • Treehaven Waterfowl Trust (TWT) Tel: 082 900 0656 30 acres of specially developed wetlands dedicated to the world’s waterfowl.
  • Dr Viljoen, Slang Tel: 084 202 0184 Offers expert practical advise on gamebird management, utilisation and conservation. He develops hunts and conducts gamebird counts.
  • Wickedfood Earth Tel: 060 761 0885 A community upliftment, self-sustainable lifestyle project being developed on a 38 hectare site in the Hartbeesfontein Conservancy. Ducks and geese are included in the livestock

Websites and publications

Visit the websites of role players listed in this chapter.

  • Kejafa Knowledge Works supply publications relevant to this chapter. Visit or phone 014 577 8006 for Raising Ducks, Raising Ducks & Geese and Raising Turkeys.
  • A Profile on Duck Meat, compiled by the Directorate Agro-processing Support at DALRRD, includes notes on duck production, processing and marketing. Find the document at
  • Crowe, T. and Little, R.M. 2012. Gamebirds of Southern Africa. 2nd edition. Johannesburg: Penguin Random House.
  • Dr Slang Viljoen (see “Role players” heading) has authored several publications on gamebirds.
  • Goose Farming is a book about breeding, feeding, raising, farming, caring, as well as utilising down for hobbies and feather products. ISBN-13: 978-0620281324. Contact Mignon Smit at 083 254 1335 or write to mignon [at]


Some articles



Find videos like “Duck farming (documentary) Modern Farming Methods in the Philippines” and “6 Reasons to Keep Quail” on YouTube.

Visit the following overseas-based websites:

  • Take “The Poultry Page” at for notes on various species relevant to this chapter
  • – “all about gamebirds”
  • American Gamebird Research Education & Development (AGRED) Foundation
  • North American Gamebird
  • www.ducks.orgDucks Unlimited conserves, restores and manages wetlands and associated habitats for North America’s waterfowl. Their vision is “wetlands sufficient to fill the skies with waterfowl today, tomorrow and forever”.

Share this article

Recent Posts

Start typing and press Enter to search