For small farmers and other small entrepreneurs, access to finance is a crucial part of being in the game. Farmers all over the world borrow money for seed, fertiliser and other technologies or inputs. These are investments into the business so that it is able to generate products to sell. Finance is also necessary to market the produce. All of this requires money – before the farmer has earned a cent!

You need money to create money.

This page is a sketch, by no means conclusive, of the financial assistance to small, medium and micro-sized enterprises (SMMEs) in the country, with an emphasis on those touching on the agricultural value chain.

Instead of talking about creating five million jobs … [government] should be saying we are going to create one million new enterprises by then – in other words one million new entrepreneurs with the freedom to do their own thing within an open, inclusive economy. If each of them hires on average four people, you have five million new jobs.


Meanwhile, very few captains of industry are helping to expand the space and provide support for entrepreneurs. Educational institutions have not woken up to the fact that the game of work has changed and, as such, they are still educating their students for the job market that existed 50 years ago.


Source: Clem Sunter

Credit from commercial banks

Only credit grantors that are registered with the National Credit Regulator (NCR) may grant credit. Visit to find out more, including information and tips, debt counselling etc.

Farmers who want to establish or expand their farming operations can obtain finance from commercial banks. It is, however, important that they understand the terms and conditions of credit, e.g. what credit is and repayment requirements.

What is credit and why do you need it?

Credit is money borrowed from someone or from a bank by agreement with the promise to pay it back at a later date, with or without interest.

Commercial banks grant credit to farmers for various purposes e.g. for equipment, vehicles, land, livestock, irrigation equipment, water pumps, etc. The bank will want to know how the credit is going to be used and what your financial position is (assets and liabilities). Your bank will want to know this in order to assess your ability to generate income and pay back the loan. The bank will look at your:

  • assets and liabilities (financial standing)
  • present and expected income (cash flow)
  • risks involved and how you plan to cover them
  • knowledge of the industry in which you want to get involved

Ask your financial advisor or extension officer or to assist you to compile this information. The extension officer is a person who works for the Department of Agriculture in your area and who is trained to assist farmers in agricultural matters.

When and how much can you borrow?

  • Know the purpose for which you are borrowing money – to improve the performance of your farming operations.
  • Do not apply for credit that will generate too little income to cover the interest and capital (money borrowed) repayments.
  • Therefore, the expected net income (income left over after all expenses have been deducted, except tax and interest) will give a good indication of how much debt the project will be able to carry.
  • When applying for credit, make sure that your debt is not more than 30% of your current assets and 25% of the expected income.

Repaying the bank

Before any commercial bank can grant a loan, it determines whether your income exceeds your costs to such an extent that there will be enough money to repay the loan and to cover household expenses.

The bank will ask for a collateral or security for the loan. A collateral or security is property pledged as security for the loan. Should you fail to repay your loan, the bank will repossess your property and sell it to realise its security.

Property which is presented as collateral must meet certain requirements:

  • It must be identifiable and not perishable.
  • It must be in a saleable condition.
  • The bank must be able to estimate its market value.
  • It must be your own property and preferably not immovable.

Repaying the loan within a given time limit will improve your credit worthiness and credibility with the bank and also save on interest charges.

The best incentive to repay a loan is to have access to future loans.

How to apply

Once you have identified why you have to borrow money, you can go to your nearest bank and fill in application forms. Your application should contain all the relevant information because it forms the basis for negotiations with the bank manager.

After submitting the forms, the bank will call you in for an interview. (You are allowed to take someone who knows your business well with you, if you like).

During the interview you will be given a chance to motivate your proposal, negotiate the possible loan terms and also to develop a good business relationship with your bank manager – prepare the presentation of your loan request beforehand.

The bank manager will tell you after the interview whether your application was successful or not.

See the “Providers of financial services” page for contact details of the commercial banks.

The term “Emerging Farmer” is commonly applied both to farmers who are emerging in terms of scale and to farmers who are emerging in terms of lack of skills.


Farmers who are emerging in terms of scale battle with problems such as access to markets, quality inputs, land and finance. These farmers are no riskier than other categories of farmers. Rather, it is the environment in which they operate that brings increased risk. The business of a tomato grower in Giyani is obviously riskier than that of ZZ2 because the scale is smaller and market access is not there. But in terms of production techniques, the Giyani grower is equal to any top farmer.


These farmers need a financing programme that includes support structures. For example, if such a farmer can be assisted to acquire a contract to supply a large retailer, this contract can be ceded to us in security for his or her loan. But it is also important to look beyond retailers for off-take agreements, especially as there is large untapped potential in informal markets.


Source: Andrew Makanete

Role players: government and state-owned

Emerging businesses often find that these institutions offer services that are not available to them by commercial banks.

The Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) provides finances to projects related to the development of infrastructure. If your proposed venture focuses on the development of infrastructure you are entitled to apply for funds from this bank. See

If you are exporting, the Export Credit Insurance Corporation of South Africa (ECIC) might be able to help. The ECIC evaluates export credit and foreign investment risks and provides export credit and foreign investment insurance cover on behalf of government. Visit

All government departments are tasked with growing their sphere of the economy and have (access to) various grants and funding mechanisms. Find a list of these departments at The Department of Small Business Development (DSBD) is a first stop. See Enquire about its Township and Rural Enterprises Programme (TREP). It has also taken over many of the SMME Development Financial Assistance programmes. Examples include Black Business Supplier Development Programme (BBSDP), Co-operative Incentive Scheme (CIS) and the Shared Economic Infrastructure Facility (SEIF). The Department of Trade,  Industry and Competition (the dtic) has a number of financial incentives for businesses (take the “Financial assistance” option at The Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD) runs the AgriBEE Equity Fund programmes, for example. Its Micro-agricultural Financial Institution of South Africa (MAFISA) is being reworked into the Comprehensive Producer Development Support Policy. The previous Department of Rural Development and Land Reform recently committed R133 million to the South African Farmers Development Association (SAFDA)’s fertiliser programme to benefit 11 650 emerging farmers in KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga on a total of 35 000 hectares of sugarcane. Visit

Various financial incentives offered by government can help the entrepreneur in agriculture.  Take a look at

The Independent Development Trust operates largely within the realm of the second economy, supporting government to implement developmental projects. Visit Provincial offices contact details are available on the website.

The Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) finances initiatives in different sectors including agriculture and agro-processing. Clients must show assets and/or a certain amount of savings. Visit

The Jobs Fund offers backing to established companies which want to expand existing operations which will employ people. See

The Land Bank provides finance to all sectors of the agricultural economy and agri-business. If you are involved in these activities you can apply for finance. The Retail Emerging Markets (REM) financing package helps fund resource-poor farmers at preferential interest rates until they become established. For more information on services visit the Land Bank website Contact Bethlehem 058 307 5200 Pietermaritzburg 033 845 9600 Bloemfontein 051 404 1400 Polokwane 015 287 9840 Gqeberha 041 392 1200 Cape Town 021 974 2200 Mbombela 013 754 2400 Cradock 048 801 8900 Centurion 012 686 0500 East London 043 706 8600 Rustenburg 014 590 6900 Ermelo 017 811 0800 Tzaneen 015 306 6007 Upington 054 338 8400 Lichtenburg 018 632 7700 Vryburg 053 928 1700 Vredendal 027 213 1045 Kroonstad 056 216 6200 Worcester 023 342 1756

Local Economic Development (LED) agencies is one measure available to district municipalities to support SMEs and to encourage investment. Enterprise Ilembe, situated between Durban and Richard’s Bay in KwaZulu-Natal, is one such organisation. Read about it at or

National Development Agency (NDA) has the mandate to “eradicate poverty by granting funds to civil society organisations that implement developmental projects in all provinces”. Find contact details for provincial and district offices on the website,

The National Empowerment Fund (NEF) seeks “to support black enterprise development in South Africa’s industrial value chain, as well as act as a catalyst for accelerating job creation in line with government’s New Growth Path”. See

The National Youth Development Agency (NYDA) can be contacted at 087 158 4742. Find contact details of provincial and district offices on the website

Provincial government departments also run programmes. The Department of Economic Development, Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEDEA) in the Eastern Cape runs IMVABA, the provincial co-operative development fund. Find IMVABA at Other examples include the KZN Growth Fund and the Operation Vula Fund from the KZN Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs; and the the four-year DFDC Commercialization Programme for emerging Western Cape fruit farmers which saw these recipients receiving R120 million in support funding. Visit the websites of provincial departments tasked with economic development for an idea of what is on offer. What happens in your province?

Provincial development agencies – e.g. the Limpopo Economic Development Agency, North West Development Corporation, Gauteng Growth and Development Agency (GGDA) etc – give financial assistance to co-operatives and small businesses. Find details of provincial bodies on the “Providers of financial services” page.

Small Enterprise Development Agency (SEDA) is an agency of the Department of Trade and Industry. SEDA has offices throughout the country to help the SMME with business plans, company registration, proposals for funding and more. We provide phone numbers for the provincial head office below. The website gives contact people, email and physical addresses. Visit

  • Eastern Cape: 043 706 6700/1/2/3 On the website find contact details for the branches at Mount Ayliff, East London, Queenstown, Gqeberha and Mthatha.
  • Free State: 051 411 3820 On the website find contact details for the branches at Trompsburg, Kroonstad, Welkom, Bloemfontein and Dihlabeng.
  • Gauteng: 011 408 6520/6528 On the website find contact details for the branches at Kempton Park, Johannesburg and Pretoria
  • KwaZulu-Natal: 031 277 9500 On the website find contact details for the branches at Newcastle, Ethekweni, Ixopo, Port Shepstone, Pietermaritzburg, Ladysmith and Richard’s Bay
  • Limpopo: 015 287 2940 On the website find contact details for the branches at Polokwane, Tzaneen, Groblersdal, Thohoyandou and Mokopane.
  • Mpumalanga: 013 755 8730 On the website find contact details for the branches at Mbombela, Bushbuckridge, eMahahleni, Malelane and Secunda
  • North West: 014 591 7900 On the website find contact details for the branches at Brits, Klerksdorp, Mahikeng, Rustenburg and Vryburg
  • Northern Cape: 053 839 5700 On the website find contact details for the branches at Kimberley, Kuruman, Springbok, De Aar and Upington.
  • Western Cape: 021 487 3640 On the website find contact details for the branches at Atlantis, Beaufort West, Bellville, Cape Town, George, Hermanus, Knysna, Mossel Bay, Oudtshoorn, Stellenbosch, Swellendam, Vredenburg and Worcester.

The IDC’s small business development agency is the Small Enterprise Finance Agency (SEFA). See for information on the different offerings. Regional office contacts: Eastern Cape East London 043 721 1510, Gqeberha 041 391 6200/6201 Free State Bloemfontein 051 436 0150 Gauteng Parktown 011 484 0889, Riversands (Diepsloot) 012 006 0068 KwaZulu-Natal Durban 031 811 1950 Limpopo Polokwane 015 817 2370 Mpumalanga Nelspruit 013 755 3923 North West Rustenburg 014 813 0620 Northern Cape Kimberley 053 832 2275 Western Cape Cape Town 021 418 0126

Thusong Service Centres provide small business advice and development. See

EASTERN CAPE Bisho 040 609 6009 East London 043 722 2602/9

  • On the website find contact details for: Burgersdorp Thusong Service Centre, Centane Thusong Service Centre, Cofimvaba Thusong Service Centre, Jansenville Thusong Service Centre, KwaNophoyi Thusong Service Centre, Qunu Thusong Service Centre, Silindini Thusong Service Centre, Sterkspruit Thusong Service Centre, Tombo Thusong Service Centre, Tsilitwa Thusong Service Centre, Viedgiesville Thusong Service Centre

FREE STATE Witsieshoek 051 403 3286, 051 405 3891 and 082 900 8042 Bloemfontein 082 773 9445

  • On the website find contact details for: Botshabelo Thusong Service Centre, Kopanong Thusong Service Centre, Mohokare (Zastron) Thusong Service Centre, Namahadi Thusong Service Centre, Phiritona Thusong Service Centre, Tokologo Thusong Service Centre

GAUTENG Marshalltown 011 355 6034 Johannesburg 011 834 3560, 082 447 6617 and 083 570 8080

On the website find contact details for: Atteridgeville Thusong Service Centre, Boitshepiville Thusong Service Centre, Bophelong Thusong Service Centre, Eldorado Park Thusong Service Centre, Ga-Rankuwa Thusong Service Centre, Hammanskraal Thusong Services Centre, Ipelegeng Thusong Service Centre, Kagiso Thusong Service Centre, Khutsong Thusong Service Centre, Mafatsane Thusong Service Centre, Mamelodi Thusong Service Centre, Maponya Urban Mall Thusong Service Centre, Muldersdrift Thusong Service Centre, Orange Farm Thusong Service Centre, Ratanda Thusong Service Centre, Sebokeng Thusong Service Centre, Sicelo Shiceka Thusong Service Centre, Soshanguve Thusong Service Centre, Tarlton Thusong Service Centre

KWAZULU-NATAL Pietermaritzburg 033 355 6188, 033 355 6568 Durban 031 355 6105

  • On the website find details for: Archie Gumede Thusong Service Centre, Bamshela Thusong Service Centre, Belgrade Thusong Service Centre, Bhomela Thusong Service Centre, Driefontein Thusong Service Centre, Dududu Thusong Service Centre, Dukuza Thusong Service Centre, Ekuvukeni Thusong Service Centre, eMondlo Thusong Service Centre, Highflats Thusong Service Centre, Imbabazane Thusong Service Centre, Impendle Thusong Service Centre, Inhlazuka Thusong Service Centre, Jozini Thusong Service Centre, KwaMadlala Thusong Service Centre, KwaMdakane Thusong Service Centre, KwaNzimakwe Thusong Service Centre, KwaXolo Thusong Service Centre, Lindela Thusong Service Centre, Malangeni Thusong Service Centre, Mapumulo Thusong Service Centre, Mbazwana Thusong Service Centre, Sonkombe Thusong Service Centre, Tugela Ferry Thusong Service Centre, Umnini Thusong Service Centre, Umshwathi Thusong Service Centre

LIMPOPO Polokwane 015 294 7751, 015 291 4689, 082 687 3340 and 082 421 3461

  • On the website find details for: Babirwa Thusong Service Centre, Botlokwa Thusong Service Centre, Bulamahlo Thusong Centre, Eldorado Thusong Service Centre, Festus Mothudi Thusong Service Centre, Fetakgomo-Atok Thusong Service Centre, Leboeng Thusong Service Centre, Lesedi Thusong Service Centre, Mabatlane (Vaalwater) Thusong Centre, Madimbo Thusong Service Centre, Makhuva Thusong Service Centre, Makuya Thusong Centre, Mapela Thusong Service Centre, Mapodile Thusong Service Centre, Maruleng Thusong Service Centre, Mokwakwaila Thusong Service Centre, Moletjie Thusong Service Centre, Mtititi Thusong Service Centre, Relela Thusong Service Centre, Selwane Thusong Service Centre

MPUMALANGA Mbombela 013 766 6993, 013 753 2397, 072 228 4624 and 076 593 4586

  • On the website find details for: Breyten Thusong Service Centre, Casteel Thusong Service Centre, Daggakraal Thusong Service Centre, Louisville Thusong Service Centre, Marapyane Thusong Service Centre, Matsamo Thusong Service Centre, Mbangwane Thusong Service Centre, Moremela Thusong Service Centre, Morgenzon Thusong Service Service, Mpuluzi Thusong Service Centre, Phola Thusong Service Centre, Sakhile Thusong Service Centre, Saul Mkhize Thusong Service Centre, Siyathemba Thusong Service Centre, Tholulwazi Thusong Service Centre, Thuthukani Thusong Service Centre, Verena Thusong Service Centre, Wonderfontein Thusong Service Centre

NORTH-WEST Mmabatho 018 387 3456, 018 381 7071, 082 378 0038 and 073 245 0906

  • On the website find details for: Bokamoso/Jerico Thusong Service Centre, Kgetleng River Thusong Service Centre, Kgokgojane Thusong Service Centre, Leretlhabetse Thusong Service Centre, Losasaneng Thusong Service Centre, Monakato Thusong Service Centre, Tlakgameng Thusong Service Centre, Tshedimosetso Thusong Service Centre, Tshidilamolomo Thusong Service Centre, Victor Tong Thusong Service Centre

NORTHERN CAPE Kimberley 053 838 2718, 053 832 1378/9, 082 495 3733 and 083 778 9179

  • On the website find details for: Augrabies Thusong Service centre, Colesberg Thusong Service Centre, Kgomotsego (Vanzylsrus) Thusong Service Centre, Manne Dipico Thusong Service Centre, Tlhokomelo Thusong Service Centre

WESTERN CAPE Cape Town 021 483 3839, 021 418 0533, 082 378 0038 and 081 281 2200

  • On the website find details for: Beaufort West Thusong Service Centre, Bitterfontein Thusong Service Centre, Bonteheuwel Thusong Service Centre, Citrusdal Thusong Service Centre, Hawston Thusong Service Centre, Ilingelethu Thusong Service Centre, Ladismith Thusong Service Centre, Laingsburg Thusong Service Centre, Langebaan Thusong Service Centre, Mbhekweni (Paarl East) Thusong Service Centre, Mossel Bay Thusong Service Centre, Murraysburg Thusong Service Centre, Oudtshoorn Thusong Service Centre, Prince Albert Thusong Service Centre, Riversdale Thusong Service Centre, Swellendam Thusong Service Centre, Thembalethu Thusong Service Centre, Unobuntu Thusong Service Centre, Van Rhynsdorp Thusong Service Centre, Vredendal Thusong Service Centre, Waboomskraal Thusong Service Centre

Youth Employment Service (YES) Community Hubs are part of a national strategy to “absorb unemployed youth, ignite local economies and promote domestic markets”. The first of a planned 100 such hubs was opened in Tembisa in 2018. See the news report. Visit the YES website at

When it comes to financial assistance, the aim should be to help beneficiaries become self-sufficient. Farming is a business just like any other, and if you want to farm you have to start thinking like a businessperson. I think loans, rather than grants, would do more to reduce poverty and generate value-added wealth. If farmers should get anything for free, it’s training [i.e. it is training which will lead to success, not being given money].


Source: Peter Mashala

Business and other role players

Find details of various regulatory bodies on the “Providers of financial services” page.

The B-BBEE scorecard allows rewards companies whose financial contributions favour Black people. Read more on the “AgriBEE” page, or contact one of the role players listed there.

Various bodies representing business might be able to assist. Some have an agriculture/food desk. Usually though they will point you to organised agricultural bodies like AFASA and AgriSA (see the “Organised agriculture“ page). Nevertheless, the reader is welcome to give organisations like the Foundation for African Business & Consumer Services (FABCOS) and the Black Business Council a try.

The commercial banks have specialist SME divisions, providing finance for qualified entrepreneurs. Contact the banks or visit their websites to find out about their products and services, and their criteria to obtain finance. Most banks also participate in credit guarantees. The Banking Association South Africa represents this group. See

Co-operative banks are a possibility. Refer to the page on co-operatives.

Development finance institutions (DFIs) are listed under the previous heading. These are institutions like the IDC, Land Bank etc.

Foundations working with industry associations (or on their own) can be a source of agricultural finance. An example is Coca-Cola Beverages South Africa’s (CCBSA) Mintirho Foundation, which has partnered with the South African Farmers Development Association (SAFDA) on several occasions.

Industry associations might have knowledge of funds for role players in their sectors. These associations are listed in the various crop and livestock chapters. Some of these associations might be actively involved in sourcing funds. The National Emergent Red Meat Producer’s Organisation (NERPO), for example, runs farmer support programmes called “NERPO-Livestock Credit Scheme”(NLCS) and Farm Machinery and Infrastructure Credit Fund.  CANEGROWERS (see sugarcane page) or Akwandze Agricultural Finance – 013 791 1000 – would be able to tell you about the Khula-Akwandze Fund (KAF) for small-scale sugar farmers. Also available is funding from Umthombo Agricultural Finance (Umthombo) – speak to the South African Sugar Association (SASA). Hortfin is a R600 billion, special purpose development financing vehicle established by the deciduous, table grape and wine industries. The custodian of Hortfin is the deciduous fruit industry, supported by the Jobs fund and Land Bank. It targets mostly agri entrepreneurs from previously disadvantaged groups. Read more at

National Stokvel Association of South Africa (NASASA) Research by African Response shows some R44 billion is saved and accessed through stokvels (Rotating savings and credit associations). See also the Siyanda Sishuba article “Stokvel concept offers hope to young farmers” for Farmer’s Weekly.

Some pension funds like the Government Employees Pension Fund (GEPF) invest in the agricultural value chain. The GEPF has previously invested R2.3 billion in the agricultural sector.

Retail Finance Intermediaries (RFIs) are institutions that obtain loans from the state in order to loan the money to clients in their communities. Different RFIs have different target markets depending on their operations. RFIs also use the Credit Guarantee Scheme to access additional funds from participating banks. RFIs charge different interest rates depending on the risk involved in the application.

 Specific role players

  • Agricultural Business Chamber (Agbiz) Agbiz has held workshops before on finding ways to provide sustainable funding to emerging farmers. ABSA, FNB, Standard Bank and Nedbank are all members of Agbiz.
  • The Agricultural Colleges provide short course training in financial skills. Find contact details on the Agricultural education and training page.
  • ANDISA Agri  Services include managing “change of control” transactions and land reform transaction advisory, business planning and feasibility studies.
  • BeyondCOVID organising small businesses into collectives and then partnering them with established corporates to achieve the economies of scale required to access profitable markets, funding and supply chains.
  • BSSA Consulting Business plans, marketing plans, access to grants and funding, entrepreneurial training etc.
  • Business Partners has a range of support services to the entrepreneur. The company considers financing application up to R50 million for SMEs. It does not support farming, but may be able to help if you are looking to supply agricultural inputs or doing some form of processing. Find contact details of their branches countrywide at
  • Cape Clothing and Textile Cluster  A not-for-profit initiative jointly established by government and industry to boost the competitiveness of the clothing, textile, footwear and leather (CTFL) manufacturing industry in the Western Cape.
  • Capital Harvest Emerging Farmer Finance
  • Co-operative Banks Development Agency (CBDA)
  • Craft and Design Institute (CDI) Business-, product-, market- and design support
  • Croftland Business Development Services (Croftland BDS) [website not working, 24 June 2021] A business advisory, investment, implementation and support services company.
  • Development Microfinance Association (DMA) 
  • The DGRV assists co-operatives. Visit
  • Ecosystem Development for Small Enterprise (EDSE) EDSE is funded by the European Union
  • Enablis
  • Entrepreneurial Planning Institute (EPI)
  • Forus “No fees. No interest. No bank”
  • Get Smarter Short business courses
  • Kagiso Trust
  • Lulalend
  • The Masisizane Fund is an initiative of Old Mutual South Africa, with the mandate to contribute to employment creation, poverty eradication and reduction of inequality, economic growth and the attraction of investment. Find the “Branch locator” option at
  • Megro Learning Centre
  • Microfinance South Africa
  • National Credit Regulator (NCR)  To prevent abuse by lenders of credit (e.g. exorbitant interest rates, unfair blacklisting)
  • National Empowerment Fund (NEF) Several funds are available: the iMbewu Fund, uMnotho Fund, Rural and Community Development Fund, the Strategic Projects Fund, Tourism Transformation Fund (TTF).
  • National Small Business Chamber (NSBC)
  • Nicro
  • Peulwana Agricultural Financial Services AgriFinance Loan Programme
  • Palaborwa Foundation
  • Productivity SA “Inspiring a competitive South Africa”
  • Resonance Institute of Learning Training courses include financial and entrepreneurial skills
  • The SA SME Fund is a collaboration between government, labour and business to support for the SME sector. It allocates investment capital to accredited fund managers – venture capital or private equity funds – that invest directly in scalable small and medium enterprises i.e. it does not provide funding directly to individuals. See
  • SBP Business Environment Specialists Design and implement programmes for SMMEs
  • Seriti Institute Training in financial management
  • Small Business Advisory Bureau
  • Small Enterprise Foundation
  • South African Business Resources Institute (SABRI)  SABRI nurtures promising SMEs through the start up and growth phases of their business by (1) Strengthening the internal capacities, systems and processes (2) Encouraging entrepreneurship and facilitating skills development, and (3) Co-ordinating access to resources required to grow a business.
  • South African Savings Institute (SASI)
  • South African SME Finance Association
  • Thembani International Guarantee Fund (TIGF) provides Credit Guarantees. Call 012 342 1913.
  • Read about the Tembeka Business Development Trust (TBDT) at
  • Trade & Industrial Policy Strategies (TIPS) is a research organisation which has a focus on economic inclusion. Visit
  • United Farmers’ Fund Trust (UFF) Offering “investment opportunities to clients while delivering high social impact to rural communities”
  • University of South Africa (UNISA) Centre for Business Management The Centre offers Short Learning Programmes (SLPs) that prepare learners for the business world in a quick and effective manner.
  • The Vumelana Enterprise Development Fund – see Venture capital funding, from R2 million up to R20 million, provided to South African SMEs who show potential to scale exponentially.
  • West Coast Business Development Centre
  • Find notes on the Zimele fund by Anglo American on It is an initiative to assist historically disadvantaged South Africans to own and run their businesses. Zimele provides loans and also teaches essential business skills.



International business environment

Websites and publications

Included in the seventeen manuals on developing a co-operative at are ones like Developing a business plan (7), Financing your agricultural business (11) and Financial management (12). Find the full list on the “Co-operatives” page.

Some media houses run magazines and newsletters for SMMEs. To see what is on offer from Entrepreneur Media SA, by way of example, visit

Read The SA SMME COVID-19 Impact Report (2020, November) at The Finfind South African SMME Access to Finance Report (2018) can be found at

Serame M. 2019. Factors Influencing SMEs’ Access to Finance in South Africa. Master’s dissertation. Available at

Groenewald, J.A., & Jordaan, A.J. 2012. Unlocking credit markets. In Unlocking markets to smallholders. Edited by van Schalkwyk, H.D et al. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Find the guideline for funding agencies for aquaculture on DALRRD‘s Directorate Aquaculture and Economic Development pages at Many of the listed providers have funding programmes beyond aquaculture.

Patronage Politics Divides Us: A study of poverty, patronage and inequality in South Africa – research finds that a lack of start-up capital and official indifference to be common complaints among aspirant business people. Contact MISTRA (see previous heading).

Read about the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on sustainable financing at

Various agricultural and other projects looking for backing from investors can be found at

The first online platform for peer-to-peer lending (P2P) in South Africa is RainFin. Small businesses can access funding and investors typically get better returns than those offered by banks. See

Oji, C.K. 2015. Promoting Financial Inclusion for Inclusive Growth in Africa. Pretoria: South African Institute of International Affairs. Find the document at

It is not only individuals who struggle for shortage of capital. The World Bank’s “Global Financial Development Report 2015/2016: Long-Term Finance” looked at how shortage of capital has left underdeveloped countries struggling to grow their economies. Find the report at

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